Phosphatidylserine is a type of phospholipid that aids in communication between nerve cells in the brain. A Japanese study involving 78 elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment (aged 50-69) randomly assigned them to take either 300 mg of phosphatidylserine daily or a placebo. After 6 months, it was discovered that the group supplemented with phosphatidylserine had higher memory scores compared to their scores before supplementation, while there was no difference in the placebo group.
Folate (Folic Acid)
Folate, also known as vitamin B9, plays a crucial role in maintaining the nervous system in the human body. A review of 36 articles suggests that folate supplementation can reduce homocysteine levels, leading to vascular protection, decreased inflammatory responses, antioxidant effects, regulation of brain folate deficiency, and ultimately an improvement in cognitive function.
Vitamin B Complex
The B-vitamin complex consists of water-soluble vitamins that play essential roles in cellular functions. These vitamins closely interact and impact various brain functions, including energy production, DNA/RNA synthesis and repair, methylation of genomic and non-genomic molecules, the synthesis of numerous neurochemicals and signaling molecules, and serving as coenzymes in a multitude of breakdown and synthesis reactions. A deficiency in the B-vitamin complex can impair brain function from reaching its full potential
Ginkgo biloba leaf extract is often used for its antioxidant properties in the treatment of vascular issues, memory decline, dementia, and macular degeneration. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 61 healthy participants, it was found that after 30 days of taking 120 mg of Ginkgo biloba, cognitive and memory processes, particularly working memory and memory integration, were improved compared to the placebo group. This improvement was assessed through neuropsychological tests and computerized tomography scans.
What are the Benefits and Side Effects of B Vitamins? A Comprehensive Guide to Vitamin B
What Is Vitamin B12? 4 Major Benefits of B12 (It’s More Important Than You Think!)